Chapter 12 – Personal Loss
Question(s): Be prepared to discuss 2 questionsCompare the Adaptive grieving model (Martin & Doka, 2000) and the Dual Process model (Stroebe & Schut, 2001). What are the similarities and differences? Which seems to fit best to your style of counseling? Why is that so?
Guidelines:The answer should be based on the knowledge obtained from reading the book, no just your opinion. If there are 2 questions in the discussion, you must answer both of them. Your grade will be an average of both questions.
Expert Solution Preview
In comparing the Adaptive grieving model (Martin & Doka, 2000) and the Dual Process model (Stroebe & Schut, 2001), it is important to understand their similarities, differences, and their relevance to one’s counseling style. This analysis will provide insights into which model is best suited for a medical college student’s style of counseling and how it aligns with the principles and techniques taught in the medical curriculum.
Answer to Question 1: Comparing the Adaptive grieving model and the Dual Process model
The Adaptive grieving model, proposed by Martin and Doka in 2000, emphasizes the adaptive nature of the grieving process. According to this model, grieving is seen as a dynamic and evolving process that involves both loss-oriented and restoration-oriented activities. Loss-oriented activities focus on acknowledging and processing the loss itself, while restoration-oriented activities involve finding new roles, routines, and connections in life.
On the other hand, the Dual Process model, proposed by Stroebe and Schut in 2001, emphasizes the importance of oscillating between loss-oriented and restoration-oriented processes. In this model, it is believed that individuals dynamically alternate between focusing on the loss and engaging in activities that promote a return to normal functioning.
Similarities between the two models include recognizing that grieving involves both emotional and cognitive processes, and that individuals need to integrate the loss into their lives while also attending to their restoration needs. Both models also acknowledge the importance of social support in the grieving process.
Differences between the two models lie in their emphasis and focus. The Adaptive grieving model places greater emphasis on the adaptive nature of grief and how individuals adapt to the loss over time. Conversely, the Dual Process model focuses more on the oscillation between loss-oriented and restoration-oriented processes, highlighting the importance of balancing grief work with attending to life changes.
Answer to Question 2: Applicability to counseling style
As a medical college student, my counseling style tends to lean towards the Adaptive grieving model. This preference arises from the belief that a dynamic and evolving approach to grief complements the medical profession’s emphasis on adaptability and resilience in the face of challenging situations. By recognizing the adaptive nature of grief, this model allows for a holistic understanding of the grieving process and supports the integration of loss while promoting growth and restoration.
Furthermore, the Adaptive grieving model aligns well with the principles and techniques taught in the medical curriculum. It encourages students to recognize the complex and multifaceted aspects of grief, enabling them to provide comprehensive support to patients experiencing personal loss. By acknowledging that individuals grieve in various ways and at their own pace, this model fosters a patient-centered approach that is essential in the medical field.
In conclusion, the comparison between the Adaptive grieving model and the Dual Process model reveals similarities and differences in their approaches to understanding the grieving process. While both models recognize the importance of attending to loss-oriented and restoration-oriented processes, their emphasis and focus differ. For medical college students, the Adaptive grieving model aligns well with counseling styles that prioritize adaptability, resilience, and patient-centered care.