Access the “Allied Health Community.” Read the Home Care scenario for this course and complete the following assignment:
Write a 1,000-1,250-word paper that identifies the steps associated with making decisions within in health care.
- What types of conflict were present among the employees in the home health company?
- What would have been the best decision-making model to use in this case study, why?
- How would you use negotiation models to resolve conflict in this situation?
Expert Solution Preview
In the field of healthcare, decision-making plays a crucial role in providing quality patient care and ensuring the smooth functioning of healthcare organizations. This paper will explore the steps associated with making decisions within the context of healthcare, using the scenario provided in the Home Care course of the Allied Health Community. The scenario involves conflicts among employees in a home health company, requiring the identification of the types of conflict, the most suitable decision-making model, and the use of negotiation models to resolve the conflict.
1. What types of conflict were present among the employees in the home health company?
In the home health company scenario, multiple conflicts can be observed among the employees. These conflicts can be categorized into two main types:
a. Interpersonal Conflict: This type of conflict arises between individuals due to personal differences, incompatible goals, or clashes of opinions. In the scenario, employees had differing opinions on the best approach to patient care. For example, some employees believed in a more hands-on approach, while others favored a more relaxed and independent patient care model. This led to tensions and disagreements among the employees, resulting in interpersonal conflict.
b. Task Conflict: Task conflict occurs when individuals have differing opinions or approaches regarding the completion of a task or achieving specific goals. In the home health company scenario, the employees differed in their views on how to manage their workload efficiently. Some employees wanted to prioritize specific tasks, while others believed in addressing all tasks simultaneously. This difference in task-related opinions led to conflicts and hindered effective decision-making within the organization.
2. What would have been the best decision-making model to use in this case study, why?
In the given case study, the best decision-making model to use would be the Rational Decision-Making Model. This model involves a systematic approach that includes the following steps:
a. Identifying and Defining the Problem: The conflicts among the employees in the home health company indicate a problem with decision-making and collaboration. By recognizing the problem, the organization can prioritize resolving the conflicts and improving communication.
b. Gathering Relevant Information: To make informed decisions, it is crucial to gather all necessary information related to the conflicts and employee perspectives. Understanding the underlying reasons for conflicts and the impact on patient care will aid in finding effective solutions.
c. Evaluating Alternatives: In this step, various strategies and alternatives to manage conflicts can be explored. This may involve restructuring work schedules, implementing additional training programs, or fostering open communication channels within the organization. Evaluating these alternatives will ensure a comprehensive consideration of all available options.
d. Selecting the Best Solution: Based on the evaluation of alternatives, the organization can identify the solution that is most suitable for addressing the conflicts. This decision should consider the long-term impact on employee satisfaction, patient care outcomes, and the overall functioning of the home health company.
e. Implementing and Evaluating the Chosen Solution: Once the solution is selected, it needs to be implemented effectively. Regular evaluation and feedback mechanisms should be established to assess the effectiveness of the chosen solution and make necessary adjustments if needed.
The Rational Decision-Making Model is the most appropriate in this case study as it promotes a systematic approach and ensures that decisions are based on a thorough analysis of the problem and available alternatives.
3. How would you use negotiation models to resolve conflict in this situation?
To resolve conflicts in this situation, negotiation models can be employed. The following negotiation models can be useful:
a. Integrative Negotiation: This model focuses on creating win-win situations by seeking collaborative solutions that address the interests of all parties involved. By encouraging open dialogues and facilitating effective communication among the employees, integrative negotiation can help find mutually beneficial solutions to conflicts within the home health company. For instance, the employees can engage in discussions to understand each other’s perspectives and work together to develop a patient care model that combines aspects of both the hands-on and independent approaches.
b. Principled Negotiation: Also known as the Harvard Negotiation Project model, principled negotiation emphasizes fairness, focusing on the problem rather than personal differences. This model encourages employees to separate their emotions from the conflicts and engage in principled discussions to reach a consensus. By adhering to the principles of fairness, generating options, maintaining open communication, and insisting on objective criteria, principled negotiation can effectively resolve conflicts within the home health company.
c. Mediation: Mediation involves a neutral third party who facilitates discussions between conflicting parties and helps them reach a resolution. A mediator can be appointed within the home health company to mediate the conflicts between the employees. The mediator will provide a safe environment for open discussions, mediate disputes, help identify common ground, and guide employees towards finding mutually agreeable solutions. This approach can be particularly helpful when conflicts become difficult to resolve through direct negotiations among the employees.
By incorporating negotiation models such as integrative negotiation, principled negotiation, and mediation, the conflicts within the home health company can be effectively resolved, laying the foundation for improved decision-making and a more harmonious working environment.
Effective decision-making and conflict resolution are crucial in the healthcare industry. By identifying the types of conflict present, utilizing appropriate decision-making models, and incorporating negotiation models, organizations can navigate conflicts successfully, improve collaboration among employees, and enhance patient care outcomes. The scenario in the Home Care course of the Allied Health Community demonstrates how conflicts can be addressed and resolved in a home health company setting, promoting a positive and productive work culture.