Health & Medical Family in The Nursing Care Questions

Read chapter 20 of the class textbook and review the attached PowerPoint presentation.  Once done answer the following questions;

1.  In your own word and using the appropriate evidence-based references define family and describe the different types of family.

2.  Identify characteristics of the family that have implications for community health nursing practice.

3.  Discuss a model of care for families.

4.  Describe strategies for moving from intervention at the family level to intervention at the aggregate level.

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In this assignment, we will explore the concept of family and its different types, along with the characteristics of the family that have implications for community health nursing practice. We will also discuss a model of care for families and strategies for moving from intervention at the family level to intervention at the aggregate level.

1. In your own words and using appropriate evidence-based references, define family and describe the different types of family.


Family, in its broadest sense, can be defined as a group of individuals who are connected by blood, marriage, or adoption and are living together or in close proximity while sharing resources, responsibilities, and emotions. However, the definition of family has evolved over time, reflecting the diversity of relationships and structures seen in society.

Different types of families include:

– Nuclear Family: This is the traditional family structure consisting of a married heterosexual couple and their biological or adopted children.
– Extended Family: This type of family includes the nuclear family along with additional relatives, such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, or cousins, who live in the same household or maintain close contact and support.
– Single-Parent Family: In this type of family, one parent assumes the role of raising the children alone, either due to divorce, separation, death, or choice.
– Blended or Stepfamily: This family type results from the merging of two separate families through remarriage or cohabitation, involving biological or adopted children from previous relationships.
– Same-Sex Family: These families are formed by same-sex couples who have children through assisted reproductive techniques, adoption, or parenting from previous relationships.

2. Identify characteristics of the family that have implications for community health nursing practice.


Several characteristics of the family have implications for community health nursing practice:

– Cultural Diversity: Families belong to various cultural and ethnic backgrounds, each with its own beliefs, practices, and healthcare preferences. Community health nurses must respect and consider these cultural variations when providing care.
– Socioeconomic Status: Family income and resources significantly influence access to healthcare, nutrition, education, and housing. Understanding the socioeconomic status of families helps community health nurses address potential barriers and ensure equal healthcare opportunities.
– Family Dynamics: The relationships, roles, communication patterns, and decision-making processes within a family impact health outcomes. Recognizing these dynamics enables nurses to identify strengths and areas for improvement in promoting health within the family.
– Support Systems: Families can have varying levels of social support from extended family, friends, or community organizations. Assessing and utilizing these support systems enhance the effectiveness of community health interventions.
– Health Literacy: A family’s ability to understand and utilize health information affects their health outcomes. Assessing the health literacy of families helps nurses tailor interventions and education to meet their specific needs.

3. Discuss a model of care for families.


One model of care commonly used for families is the Family Systems Theory. Based on this model, families are viewed as an interconnected system in which each member influences and is influenced by the others. This theory recognizes the interdependence and interconnectedness of family members, emphasizing the importance of understanding family dynamics and relationships to promote health.

The Family Systems Theory suggests that changes or disruptions in one family member or subsystem can affect the overall functioning and well-being of other family members. By addressing the family as a whole and considering its context, community health nurses can identify and intervene in areas that require support or improvement, promoting optimal health outcomes for the entire family unit.

4. Describe strategies for moving from intervention at the family level to intervention at the aggregate level.


Moving from intervention at the family level to intervention at the aggregate level requires a systematic approach and coordination of resources. Some strategies to facilitate this transition include:

– Collaboration and Partnerships: Community health nurses can collaborate with various stakeholders, such as community organizations, healthcare providers, policymakers, and social service agencies, to leverage resources and coordinate care for multiple families or populations.
– Health Promotion and Education: By conducting health promotion campaigns and educational programs, community health nurses can reach a larger audience and address health issues that may be common among multiple families or communities.
– Policy Development and Advocacy: Working towards policy changes at local, regional, or national levels can have a broader impact on improving health outcomes for families. Community health nurses can advocate for policies that support family-friendly environments and access to essential resources.
– Data Collection and Analysis: Gathering data on the health needs and outcomes of families and aggregating them at the community or population level provides a basis for identifying trends and planning targeted interventions.

By employing these strategies, community health nurses can effectively shift from individual family interventions to broader interventions at the aggregate level, aiming to improve the health and well-being of larger populations.

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