I’m working on a health & medical discussion question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.
Discussion Prompt 1: Which do you believe plays a bigger role in mental illness — biology or the environment (or is it equally both)? Explain your reasoning.
Discussion Prompt 2: Benjamin Franklin once said, “Happiness depends more on the inward disposition of mind than on outward circumstances.” Do you think our own responses to the world make a bigger impact on our mental health status than the actual circumstances that surround us? Explain your reasoning.
Expert Solution Preview
As a medical professor, it is important to provide thought-provoking assignments for students to encourage critical thinking and discussion. The following are my answers to two discussion prompts related to mental health.
Answer to Discussion Prompt 1:
Both biology and the environment play a significant role in mental illness. Genetics, epigenetics, and brain chemistry all contribute to the development of mental illness. However, environmental factors such as stress, trauma, and social support also have a significant impact on mental health. For example, individuals with a genetic predisposition to depression may not necessarily develop the condition if they have a supportive environment and effective coping mechanisms. Therefore, it is important to consider both biology and the environment when studying mental illness.
Answer to Discussion Prompt 2:
Our own responses to the world can have a significant impact on our mental health status. Happiness is not solely dependent on external circumstances, but rather on our internal disposition and mindset. Our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors can affect our mental health and wellbeing. For example, individuals who practice mindfulness and positive thinking tend to have better mental health outcomes. However, it is important to acknowledge that external factors such as socioeconomic status, access to healthcare, and trauma can also have a significant impact on mental health. Therefore, it is important to consider both internal and external factors when studying mental health.