QUESTION TO ANSWER:
Describe a program planning model used in public health. Include the link of the program you used as an example in your post. Discuss key elements of the model and why program planning models are used in developing programs.
– draft minimum of 250 words or more
– strong academic writing / used resources that are draft peer review (scholarly) articles only no older than 5 years ) and reference and in-text cite.
– please be original writing and must answer all parts of question for full credit.
Expert Solution Preview
Public health programs are designed to improve the health outcomes of a population. A program planning model helps in the development of effective programs that address the health needs of the targeted population. In this post, we will discuss the program planning model used in public health, its key elements, and the importance of program planning models in developing programs.
The MAPP (Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships) model is one of the program planning models used in public health. This model was developed by the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) in the USA. MAPP is a community-driven model that aims to improve the health outcomes of a population by focusing on the community’s strengths, needs, and resources.
The MAPP model has six key elements:
1. Organizing for success: This involves forming a steering committee that comprises diverse stakeholders. The committee’s role is to oversee the program’s planning, implementation, and evaluation stages.
2. Visioning: This involves envisioning the ideal future for the community and identifying the long-term goals that the program aims to achieve.
3. Assessing the community: This involves collecting and analyzing data about the community’s health status, needs, assets, and resources.
4. Identifying strategic issues: This involves identifying the community’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats and determining the strategic issues that the program aims to address.
5. Formulating goals and strategies: This involves formulating measurable goals and evidence-based strategies that the program will use to achieve the long-term goals.
6. Action planning: This involves developing an action plan that outlines the activities, timelines, and responsibilities needed to implement the program.
Program planning models are essential in developing effective programs in public health. These models ensure that the program is evidence-based, community-driven, and that the resources are utilized in the most efficient and effective way. By following a program planning model, public health officials can ensure that the program’s goals align with the community’s needs and that the program has the support of diverse stakeholders.
In conclusion, program planning models are essential in developing effective public health programs that address the health needs of the targeted population. The MAPP model is a community-driven model that focuses on the community’s strengths, needs, and resources. Its six key elements ensure a comprehensive and evidence-based approach to program planning, implementation, and evaluation.